Water is a natural resource that is becoming increasingly scarce and its consumption needs to be optimized and efficient.
1.-Presently, the process of irrigation and fertilization in agriculture is carried out, mainly, by localized irrigation on surface. This is done via adjustable drippers that discharge the required quantity for the plant.
This irrigation method has allowed optimal utilisation of water. Nevertheless, there are still some factors to be improved such as:
- Some of the water is wasted due to evaporation.
- Roots tend to grow upward towards the moist surface and therefore do not take root in the subsoil.
- Drippers tend to deteriorate and clog because of exposure to the outdoors, water alkalinity and the damage caused by some small animals.
2.-The existing undergrounds irrigation systems:
- Almost the entire irrigation network flows buried underneath the surface.
- Other more recent systems combine the surface irrigation with localised devices which when, inserted in the ground, allow underground irrigation.
In both cases, the risk of clogging by dirt and root penetration is a shared issue. An inconvenience which, if it were to happen, would be hard to detect at first sight, given that the irrigation takes place underground.